* JOSEF ALBERS’ “INTERACTION OF COLOR” ("IOC")
COLOR THEORY COURSE
NOTE: The Interaction of Color course offered in the web site is the complete course. Because of time constraints, the most outstanding and important studies have been selected for IHA's Studio Art Course. Consult the "IOC IHA STUDIES CHECKLIST" link for IHA-offered studies and their due dates. For the course's complete CHECKLIST, the link is "COMPLETE INTERACTION OF COLOR COURSE INDEX & CHECKLIST".
MIDDLE COLOR AND SIMPLE TRANSPARENCY STUDIES
8. ECHO TRANSITION
(IOC REFERENCE XV - THE MIDDLE MIXTURE AGAIN and XX - THE WEBER FECHER LAW)
Note: Albers’ “Homage to a Square” (The red painting at the beginning of the course introduction is an example) was a lifetime series of paintings based upon this study. Many examples of it are found in art history books and in major world museums. Albers, his work, and profound contribution to art were also honored with a USA postage stamp called “Learning Never Ends.” It reflects another of his beliefs that learning is a continuous, lifelong process. The stamp used red and yellow as parent colors with orange as the middle color.
8.1. This phenomenon occurs when an “echo” is achieved, the effect where a color continues to move into another color.
8.2. Avoid making the middle color darker than the parents.
8.3. You may have either 3 or 4 colors in this study, 4 being more difficult to achieve.
8.4. The presentation works between of the two parent colors, the first and last hues, are larger than the children or middle hues.
8.5. The most interesting solution is found when it moves from hue to hue that are close in value.
8.6. If you mount the study on gray it is more convincing that either black or white.
8.7. The solutions of the study will demonstrate:
8.7.1. One study for hue with 3, 4, or 5 panels. Use two different hues and locate the colors in between.
8.8. CHECKLIST - 1 STUDy
9. SIMPLE TRANSPARENCY
(IOC REFERENCE: IX COLOR MIXTURE IN PAPER)
9.1. Two parent colors (P1 and P2) and one Child (C1) are needed. The Child must be the absolute middle in terms of hue, value, and intensity. In the study to the left below, Parent 1 is green, Parent 2 is orange, and the Child is a perfect middle between the two in terms of hue, value and intensity.
9.2. The study works best if the two Parents occupy more space than the Children.
9.3. The solutions for the study will demonstrate:
9.3.1. One study for hue
9.4. CHECKLIST - 1 STUDY
Parent 1 - Child- Parent 2 Parent 1 - Child - Parent 2
10. TWO POSITIONS IN SPACE
(IOC Reference: XI TRANSPARENT AND SPACE ILLUSION)
10.1. Two Parents and two Children are needed.
10.2. Usually one Parent color jumps out, floats up, or advances toward us while the other parent lies back, floats away or recedes from us.
10.3. Usually 1 Child middle color advances toward and more resembles Parent 1 while the other Child middle color advances toward and more resembles Parent 1.
10.4. On a 1 - 9 value scale, if the Child middle colors are 4, 5, or 6, this study will be more simple to realize. See the value scale in the assignment below (Transparent on What?) to measure where the value of your colors fall.
10.5. The solutions for the study will demonstrate:
10.5.1. One study for hue
10.6. CHECKLIST - 1 STUDY
11. TRANSPARENT ON WHAT?
(IOC REFERENCE: X-FACTUAL MIXTURES)
11.1. The middle color or very close to it must be used. On a 1-9 scale, use colors 4, 5, or 6 as the middle
11.2. Colors of the figure relate to colors of the negative space or ground.
11.3. In the diagrams below, color 2 is the middle color between colors 1 and 3. One ground or negative space is dark and relates to Color 1 while the other ground is light and relates to color 3.
11.4. Another way to explain it is that you will have 2 Parent colors which are the colors of the negative space. You will then have three Children, one that resembles one parent, one that resembles the other and one that is equally balanced between the two parents.
11.3. The conclusions for the study will demonstrate:
11.3.1. One study for hue
11.4. CHECKLIST - 1 STUDY
IOC GO TO: COLOR THEORY BACKGROUND REVIEW
INTRODUCTION & BACKGROUND
"COLOR IS RELATIVE TO THAT WHICH SURROUNDS IT" STUDIES
ACRYLIC PAINT AND COLOR MIXING STUDIES
INTENSITY, VALUE, & OPTICAL MIXTURE STUDIES
ADVANCED MIDDLE COLOR & TRANSPARENCY STUDIES
ADVANCED MIDDLE COLOR STUDY
THE MASTERS STUDY
IHA STUDIES INDEX & CHECKLIST
COMPLETE COLOR STUDIES CHECKLIST
* SOURCE OF ALBERS LOGO THROUGHOUT WEBSITE IS: http://www.laurentianum.waf-online.de/ldalbe03.gif
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